Advances of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change in Adaptation in Asia Pacific Countries Edited by Dr. Syamsidik , Professor Anawat Suppasri , Dr. … All content in this area was uploaded by Joy Jacqueline Pereira on Jun 24, 2019, Roisin A. Bradford and John J. O’Sullivan, Warnings and the Use of Indigenous Knowledge for Cyclone, Shitangsu Kumar Paul and Jayant K. Routray, Over Shared Water Resources in the Balkhash Lake, and Disaster Management in Pacific Island Countries, Pritika Bijay, Walter Leal Filho and Veronika Schulte, Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) in the Apolobamba, Maddalen Mendizabal, Roberto Moncho and Peter Torp, Approach in the Western Orissa Rural Livelihoods Project, Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adapt, Indonesia: An Analysis Based on the Earth, Challenges in Mainstreaming Climate Smart Disaster, Ching Tiong Tan and Joy Jacqueline Pereira, Labintan Adeniyi Constant, Mignouna Babatima Djana, Seema Unnikrishnan, Anju Singh and Manoj Kharat, Abel Niyibizi, Aquila Mpeirwe and Susan Ajambo, Annette Schulte-Rentrop and Elisabeth Rudolph, and Crop Zones Classification for the Federal, Building for the Diffusion of Innovation in Climate Change, Natasa Manojlovic, Niloufar Behzadina and Erik Pasche, in Climate Change Policy and Effective Disaster, on Forest-Dependent Livelihoods in Rural Ghana: Implications. Summary of Climate and Disaster Risk Screening and Assessment A. Climate change and Disaster Management PaCifiC Possible baCkgrouND PaPer No.6. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. These changes in severe weather may increase both the frequency and intensity of disasters and the likelihood of mega disasters. Finally, a multi-criteria decision support system will be developed using climatic, hydro-meteorological, demographic, socio-economic indicators weighted performances. Based on an on-going project implemented by the asian institute of technology (AIT) and partners in South East Asia, with the goal to enhance local adaptive capacities through learning from the cooperative research results on climate change impacts in coastal cities of the region, this paper provides overall information and progressive results of the project, including a review of climate change vulnerability and risk assessment processes, as well as available tools/techniques for the assessment, whilst also conducting a rapid vulnerability assessment (RVA) with a case study. But these have wreaked far-reaching changes in the ecosystems in those areas. The impact of climate change on the flood risk and dike safety in the Vidaa River system, a cross-border catchment located in the southern part of Jutland, Denmark and northern Germany, is analysed. reducing risks of disasters and climate change. Climate change can increase disaster risk in a variety of ways - by altering the frequency and intensity of hazard events, affecting vulnerability to hazards, and changing exposure patterns. The effect of climate change has made this situation more complex, with devastating results. This paper provides a framework to examine how food value chains are affected by the uncertain impacts posed by GCC and what this implies for adaptation. Climate Change of Bangladesh: Adaptation Solutions in Vulnerable Areas DR. ABU WALI RAGHIB HASSAN Project Director Disaster and Climate Risk Management in Agriculture (DCRMA) Project CDMP-II/ DAE Part Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) Ministry of Agriculture Khamarbari, Farmgate, Dhaka E-mail: hassan58_dae@yahoo.com 2013 Self sufficiency of foodgrains 2009 … Disaster Management Act of Pakistan is analysed by comparing it to other similar pieces of legislation beside consultations and recording of practical issues. Research to fill gaps that underpin this operatio… This piece begins with a brief introduction to geoengineering technologies. Under-served communities in developing countries are more vulnerable to impacts in natural resources caused by climate change. The Project has been funded by the Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade initiative Government Partnerships for Development Program to support SPREP in implementing a regional approach to climate change data and information management throughout the Pacific. Within the Portal, it is used to classify resources (documents, projects, news, events etc) according to theme or subject area. Therefore, an integrated approach is necessary to incorporate scientific approach, socio-economic approach and policy involvement. The results show low mean carbon footprints for coffee produced in traditional polycultures (3.7 kg CO2-ekg−1) and commercial polycultures (3.9 kg CO2-ekg−1), versus high carbon footprints for shaded monocultures (9.2 kg CO2-ekg−1) and unshaded monocultures (9.4 kg CO2-ekg−1). Disaster Management in the face of Climate Change is an immense challenge against Sustainable Development particularly for the developing and underdeveloped countries. Following this, the author delivers a critical snapshot of some of the most striking, and simultaneously troubling, geoengineering research currently taking place worldwide. Such shift in approach requires technical, logistic, analytical and institutional strengthening as major areas of the sector’s interventions. Expert knowledge will be used in selecting and weighing vital indicators of disasters management aspects. Building upon extensive research on social vulnerability and coping/adaptive capacity, we first … Based on these findings and other studies to qualify alternative water supplies, BK will be encouraged to explore well water, while LW will be encouraged to expand rainfall harvesting. The Potential of Latin American Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change, Climate Change Impact Assessment of Dike Safety and Flood Risk in the Vidaa River System, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management: Evidence-Based Planning at Two Foster Homes in Kalimantan, Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment: Case of Coastal Cities in South East Asia, Decision Support System for Small Reservoir Water Harvesting Technology in Drought-Prone Areas for Climate Change Adaptation, An Analysis of the Connection Between Climate Change, Technological Solutions and Potential Disaster Management: The Contribution of Geoengineering Research, Addressing Adaptation to Support Disaster Risk Reduction: A Framework for Supply Chain Inclusive Adaptation to Climate Change, Waterlogging Through Soil-Less Agriculture as a Climate Resilient Adaptation Option, An Engineering/Accounting Tool for Minimising the Cumulative Flood Threats of Rural Catchment Dams, Developing a Multi-criteria Decision Support System for Urban Disaster Management, Climate Related Disasters’ (DPP: 2015-097) and ‘Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss and Damage to Address Emerging Challenges due to Slow Onset Processes’ (APN: XX-2014-008), “Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss and Damage to Address Emerging Challenges due to Slow Onset Processes”, Pakistan National Disaster Management Act -2010 An Analytical Study, An evaluation framework for disaster risk management in Egypt, Pacific Climate Change Portal Topics Vocabulary, Sustainable Agricultural Development, Climate Change and Disaster Risks Management, In book: Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (pp.193-204). Small rural catchment dams pose failure threats at individual and cumulative levels and both must be accounted for during design of dams to minimise the flood risks to downstream communities and the environment. Amendements are proposed as a result in the form of a complete body of laws. The productivity of this farming system is 3–7 times higher in some cases than traditional land-based agricultural production. Also suggested is a fundamental shift in approach from re-active emergency response to pro-active climate risk management and disaster preparedness approach. Therefore, it is necessary to analyse the trends and consequences of climatic and hydro-meteorological processes, and how community involve and affected there by their activities and livelihood. Preliminary development in the Australian State of Tasmania has enabled testing of the tool’s transferability to a wide range of hydrology-variant regions. Egyptian DRM is evaluated using the proposed framework to identify the weaknesses associated with the current system and the challenges facing it. Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized ... climate change impacts will depend on the socio-economic choices made by countries for the next decades. Human settlement and Land use planning all ADB-financed projects since 2014, and the creation of the Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management thematic group in ADB has integrated climate resilience and disaster risk management agendas into institutional reorganization. To quantify on-farm carbon stocks and carbon footprints the cool farm tool (CFT) has been used. More extreme weather events in future are likely to increase the number and scale of disasters, while at the same time, the existing methods and tools of disaster risk reduction provide powerful capacities for adaptation to climate change. crop selection, scheduling, water management and optimisation. In order to do that, a set of indicators is established to evaluate these criteria. The vocabulary attempts to cover all themes and subjects relevant to climate change and disaster risk. the assessment and monitoring of the DRM. Climate baseline summary for the Solomon Islands and the Pacific in general: Mean temperatures across the South Pacific have increased by approximately 1:C since 1970, at an average rate of 0.3:C per decade. Enhance climate change resilience of natural ecosystems and its diversity. n Does law and/or policy mandate contingency planning for internal displacement caused by disasters and the effects of climate change? Through the analysis, useful information was obtained to determine feasible project sites, suitable crops in the region, cropping schedule and pattern appropriate and optimisation of the use of the land and water resources that can be achieved in areas irrigated by small water harvesting systems. In this article, the author uses a critical political economy approach to provide a basic topology of the current state of geoengineering research, funding and testing. Small dam failures can be catastrophic. Bangladesh Climate Change Strategic Action Plan (BCCSAP), which is pro-poor and prioritizes adaptation and disaster risk reduction based on key thematic areas with cognizance of the link between climate change and disasters; Paris Climate Change International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management. It will be much more expensive to adapt to climate change in a society which heavily depends This framework examines three sets of attributes: (1) The general setup and nature of the supply chain; (2) rural livelihoods’ and food supply systems’ vulnerability to GCC, including downscaled crop suitability modelling to assess precise impacts of GCC, and (3) the behaviour of people and entities involved in value creation and the institutions mediating them. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. William Kwadwo Dumenu, Elizabeth Asantewaa Obeng, Sparkler Brefo Samar, Ebenezer Owusu-Sekyere, Tuyet Thi Dam, Roger L. Burritt and John D. Pisaniello, of the Implementation of the National Fund on Climate, Patricia Borba Villar Guimarães and Anderson Lanzillo, Ingo Hartmeyer, Markus Keuschnig, Jan-Christoph Otto, A Framework for Supply Chain Inclusive Adaptation. Climate change, although a natural phenomenon, is accelerated by human activities. However, there is now wide recognition of the need to incorporate disaster risk management concerns in … The Climate change, although a natural phenomenon, is accelerated by human activities. Climate change is defined as change in global or regional climate patterns, which may includeincreases and decreasesin temperature as well as changes in severe weather events. Sustainable Development Goal 13 on climate action aims to materialize the pledges made by developed countries to mobilize US$100 billion annually by 2020, from all sources to address the needs of developing countries to both adapt to climate change impacts and invest in development pathways that lead to net-zero emissions by 2050. The central argument is that the material and discursive monopolisation of geoengineering research and discussion by elite groups—political, economic and scientific-technological—has led to the marginalisation of the public from this debate and has presented a distorted view of its (geoengineering’s) need. The work calls for exploring more in terms of Disaster Management Technologies and Disaster Risk Management. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. The application of the model was carried out using crop, soil, and climate and water resource data. The tool’s development process involves generating catchment data representing “hydrologically homogenous” regions using complex best-practice dams/flood engineering, to derive simple regionalised flood capability prediction relationships of reliable accuracy. Disaster risk is a product of the interaction of the hazard (event) and the vu, Disaster Management in the face of Climate Change is an immense challenge against Sustainable Development particularly for the developing and underdeveloped countries. While intervention models mostly deal with measures for producers, the authors hypothesise that adaptation strategies must include the entire chain to achieve the scale needed to tackle GCC. management in the Pacific, and to use standard terms, in common use by climate change and DRM practitioners, to describe these themes. to the adverse effects of climate change. Conclusions and recommendations are also made for the next steps of the project and possible contributions to other related projects and cities. Soil-less agriculture is an ancient method of agriculture in Bangladesh. INSTITUTIONS FOR DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ANALYSIS Prepared By: Stephan Baas Selvaraju Ramasamy Jenny Dey DePryck Federica Battista ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE AND BIOENERGY DIVISION FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS ROME, JANUARY 2008 ii. In recent years, the GOB has produced a National Plan on Disaster Management, formulated a (draft) Policy on Disaster Management, revised its Standing Orders on Disaster, and enacted its legal framework for disaster risk reduction. climate change and disaster risks management. Its connection to the main theme of this conference is located in the very clear nexus between climate change, the potentially disastrous outcomes of increased global warming and an examination of the potentially equally dangerous consequences of technologically intensive solutions (like geoengineering) that do not address but disregard the core problem: overconsumption based a resource-extractive and energy-intensive economic system. This paper will present the potential of a soil-less agriculture farming system as a tool for adapting to climate change, detailing its construction and production mechanisms, maintenance, advantages and disadvantages, and replication; a cost-benefit analysis will also be carried out and the target market segmentation will be examined. Based on these results a framework for site-specific mitigation has been developed to assist coffee farmers in defining climate friendly farm practices in order to accelerate climate change mitigation in Latin American coffee production. Disaster policy response to climate change is dependent on a number of factors, such as readiness to accept the reality of climate change, institutions and capacity, as well as willingness to embed climate change risk assessment and management in development strategies. Based on the results, the TRMM dataset was selected for analysis. The framework provides decision-makers with a scale, crop and site independent road map to design and evaluate adaptation strategies to changing climate conditions. Within these systems, food value chains are increasingly recognised as being vital for development, yet relatively little is known about the vulnerability of such chains to GCC, or their capacity to adapt. • The Government of Zimbabwe committed itself in setting up institutional framework and appropriate policies for Disaster Risk Reduction. A carbon footprint is used to define the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) that is emitted along supply chains and is the first step towards reducing GHG emissions. Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Climate change and disaster risk reduction are closely linked. tF‰²ìß~ί ®÷oWn8ÿL8¾P¦›“Õ¦;¤ÂÈ£fäNš…ÕÍÈÖĤM},O{*¡œýLwX¢&h³¤àĦÛÉ­¬©DìÌQøIkFôV½ƒ/£s:ÂàŸùøÛ!äãŸé“‹ß{3^Ã(ç›Î4KFÃ1¦|²g%»•­(óò¨M\‰j/•N£@t „óH&&. Therefore, disaster risk management (DRM) and related issues have recently come to the fore and become an essential need. sector interventions. There has been some degree of reluctance in the past to consider disaster risk management within the mainstream of adaptation to climate variability and climate change. The CFT uses the Tier II methodology of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC) and is based on empirical GHG quantification models built from hundreds of peer-reviewed studies. Measuring disaster resilience is a key component of successful disaster risk management and climate change adaptation. Climate model data from the ENSEM-BLES data archive are used to assess the changes in climate variables and the resulting effect on catchment run-off. 3. However, efforts in reducing disaster risk involve many disciplines and can be seen from many directions. National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan 2011-2028. Linear regression analysis was performed on the annual rainfall data at each foster home from 2003 to 2010 to analyse rainfall trends. Field data has been collected in five countries across Latin America, from the following coffee production systems: (i) traditional polycultures, (ii) commercial polycultures, (iii) shaded monocultures, and (iv) unshaded monocultures. Results demonstrate the tool’s successful transferability to different regions; how the prediction relationships would be refined by future research; and how the tool can link to Tasmania’s international best practice dam safety policy which includes “farmer friendly” elements. The authors test the framework in three case studies with differing supply chain characteristics and geographical contexts. Climate Change Action Plan to reinforce the convergence of these two plans. This Change Mitigation and Disaster Risk Management........... 615, Over the past few decades, the intensity of climatic and hydro-meteorological disasters increase at an appalling rate. 40 Conservation of Ligawasan Marsh in Mindanao, Philippines, Additionally, existing socioeconomic and environmental pressures are intensifying. National climate strategies and plans Human mobility – both autonomous and planned – presents opportunities that may aid adaptation to climate change, and serve as an adaptation measure itself. Thanh Noi and Worapong Lohpaisankrit 40 Conservation of Ligawasan Marsh in Mindanao, Philippines, Through an Indigenous Knowledge System: Climate Change Mitigation and Disaster Risk Management, Vilas Nitivattananon, Lam Vu Thanh Noi Some case studies will also be included to portray the efficiency of this disaster-resilient farming practice. As an environmentally friendly farming system, it minimises the reduction in the quality of soil, the deterioration of the natural environment and water pollution; it also saves energy and helps with carbon sequestration. The rivers have become silted up and natural drainage conditions have been disrupted. All rights reserved. It is, therefore, essential to consider and address climate change adaptation and disaster risk management in a Solomon Islands Climate Change and Disaster Risk Profile. Coupled with climate change, extreme weather events are predicted to become more frequent. n Checklist on Law and Disaster Does the law include the identification, entry, stay and entitlements of cross-border disaster-displaced persons in a way which is consistent with human rights law? II. Global climate change (GCC) presents serious challenges to agricultural systems as they strive to meet increasing demand over the coming decades. An earthquake heavily affecting the capital is among the more challenging disaster scenarios.9 In addition, the flood damage potential is increasing due to climate change… This paper describes a study undertaken by one NGO to assist two off-grid foster homes, BK and LW, in Kalimantan in addressing rainfall variability for their domestic and agricultural water supply. Disaster risk is magnified by climate change; it can increase the hazard while at the same time decreasing the resilience of households and communities. Are also made for the next steps of the tool’s transferability to wide., existing socioeconomic and environmental pressures are intensifying egyptian DRM is evaluated using the proposed framework to identify weaknesses! Each foster home from 2003 to 2010, and compared against meteorological data from the ENSEM-BLES archive. More complex, with devastating results policy coherence to ensure that issues of disaster displacement covers four areas. 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