In determining the soil tillage system, the most suitable tillage system should be selected by evaluating the soil structure and quality, not only for the purpose of loosening and aerating the soil and destroying weeds. Acceptability: If the social effects of land use methods are negative, it is inevitable to fail over time. In particular, in order to make agriculture in high slope areas, it is the name given to the arrangement of the land in the form of steps and supported by walls. Under these conditions, environment-friendly, healthy, economic and quality production conditions will be provided. We share our knowledge and peer-reveiwed research papers with libraries, scientific and engineering societies, and also work with corporate R&D departments and government entities. To understand this better, let™s start with the basics. Its components include: increasing soil carbon in all ecosystems (from tropical forests to pasture to wetlands); soil rejuvenation and efficient nutrient management; utilization of improved varieties and hybrid technologies (not only seeds); and sustainable intensification framework. Regionally, even on field level, soil properties show significant differences depending on distance. But many damaging mistakes in soil management have also been made, and will continue to be unless evidence-based practices are developed to meet the challenges of “sustainable intensification” (Royal Society, 2009), essential to feed the 9 billion people expected to inhabit the planet by 2050. The sustainability of water resources is a social, physical, economic and ecological concept. Some of the most common control methods include:  Prevention of erosion in the first place by careful land management  Prevention of soil detachment by the use of cover materials such as trees, mulches, stubbles, matting and cover crops 5 Soil Management for Sustainable Agriculture These structures collect water from small sources and allow for efficient storage and use of large flow rates when needed and help to regulate water flow. *Address all correspondence to: kmtugrul@yahoo.com, Edited by Mirza Hasanuzzaman, Marcelo Carvalho Minhoto Teixeira Filho, Masayuki Fujita and Thiago Assis Rodrigues Nogueira. Industrial agriculture, on the one hand, uses more chemical input to meet the increasing demand, on the other hand, agricultural and soil resources are polluted by chemical residues and production potential is reduced. Introduction. What methods should be applied to obtain sufficient product without damaging nature? However, they are facing several pressures and are also heavily affected by climate change and erosion. In addition, drone and sensor technologies can be used to collect necessary data for the development of an effective irrigation methodology. Principles for Sustainable Soil Management. An enterprise with sustainability will have a positive impact on the ecosystem. Intensive or traditional agriculture causes physical and chemical degradation of soil, loss of organic matter, reduced biological activity in the soil and consequently a decrease in crop production. The world population is growing at a great pace. In order to ensure sustainability, the following points should be taken into account: Irrigation system should be continuously controlled, pumps should be operated at optimum performance, water amount should be measured and water distribution evenness should be ensured. However, the introduction of herbicides has resulted in zero or minimum soil tillage techniques that eliminate the need to soil cultivation. The first source of this moisture is the natural rainfall. Photo by Edwin Remsberg Sustainable land management includes many components. The vegetation is normally compressed by exposure to the effects of rain and soil processing and the effects of humans, animals and machinery. Zero and minimum soil tillage techniques protect the soil from the direct impact of rain and wind by leaving crop remains on the surface. In sustainable systems, the soil is viewed as a fragile and living medium that must be protected and nurtured to ensure its long-term productivity and stability. Available from: Why sustainable agriculture is important. Long-term stability and efficiency is required. Also, soil supports our planet’s biodiversity and make up a quarter of the Earth. Production planning should be made considering the water quantity and the distance of water resources. These geonets are now used worldwide for erosion control and should be used more extensively in the country. At this point, the sustainable farming method protects both the soil and the environment and ensures the production and the long-term agricultural production. Sustainable soil management means using practices that build healthy soil, reduce erosion with NG Turf products, and reduce the need for fertilizer, pesticides, and herbicides.They include: Planting cover crops, especially in the fall to prevent erosion and add nutrients and organic matter to the soil. This will certainly create a serious need for food in the future. On the other hand, the relationship between fertilizer, pesticide, tillage and crop rotation issues in sustainable systems and their effects on product yield and income should be well established. From: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, 2015. For example, increasing fertilizer usage efficiency depends on reducing the losses of plant nutrients from soil due to leaching, denitrification, evaporation, surface flow. 8 Soil salinization Learn about the process of salinization, its effects, and how to manage it. Maximizing soil health is essential to maximizing profitability. Soil quality indicators in fied to meet the goal of sustainable land use, it is recog- landscapes influenced by soil erosion have been studied With the use of advanced technologies, the topographic structure of the field (different slope levels and depressions), the soil color which varies according to the organic matter content and the temporal yield variability in the field are taken into consideration. Increased fertilizer use efficiency and the decrease in nutrient loss are proportional to each other [14]. As a matter of fact, while 50% of the nitrogen applied to the soil is lost in various ways, 90% of the phosphorus cannot be taken by plants [10, 11]. According to this: Determination of soil water potential with soil moisture sensors. I should also state that there is an urgent need to shift from mono-cropping to multi-cropping. Totally used soil quality indicators in minimum data sets include total organic carbon, volume weight, aggregate resistance, usable moisture content, pH and EC [13]. The Living Soil: Texture and Structure Soils are made up of four basic components: minerals, air, water, and organic matter. The multiplicity of components and the different prescriptions are due to the delicate but complex structure of the method and its applications. Under soil rejuvenation and efficient nutrient management, there is an urgent need to promote nationwide balanced fertilization or put a stop to the indiscriminate or excessive use of chemical fertilizers. In order to meet the growing agricultural needs in a healthy manner, water resources should be protected and soil should be developed and original seeds should be stored and reproduced for the future. The most important means of ensuring healthy growth of the plant in sustainable agriculture is the sufficient amount of moisture in the root area of the soil during the plant’s growing season. Studies have shown that fertilizer nitrogen use efficiency is very low for wheat, paddy and corn, and nitrogen utilization rate is between 29 and 42% [12]. At the same time, an increase in soil fertility, protection of water, protection of valuable seeds and biodiversity need to be taken into account. Surface residues prevent soil aggregates from being dispersed, transported by water or wind, the infiltration capacity of the soil is preserved, consequently there is no flow on the soil surface and erosion problem decreases. This reduces the water penetration rate and may cause water to flow from the surface and soil erosion. There is an urgent need to stop land degradation and soil nutrient depletion and establish frameworks for sustainable land and soil management systems. Data maps are generated with the help of geospatial data, geographic information system (GIS) technologies and software which are acquired by various sensors on the harvesting machines. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. D. Components of a Sustainable Soil Fertility Management Program: The Means to Achieving the Above Goals 1. Worse, desertification will take root and will be hard to reverse. Soil should be enriched with natural fertilizers such as organic and green manure and compost. In any case, water, water sources and drainage channels should be avoided contamination. Variable Rate Fertilization Maps used in this direction indicate the variable applications to different geographical coordinates based on the analysis of these conditions. It is clear that the continuity of all the living things is possible with the food provided by natural resources. It provides step-by-step information on soil-improving practices as well as in-depth background—from what soil is to the importance of organic matter. Contracts for land enrolled in CRP are 10–15 years in length. In this method, Variable Rate Application Technologies (VRA) is applied and unlike traditional agriculture, instead of homogeneous input, it is the application of measurement of productivity differences in the field and appropriate input according to the spatial needs resulting from these differences. Along with supporting the plant life necessary for … The soils under natural vegetation normally support the population of organisms and soil animals in an active biological activity. 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